Economic indicators and productive sectors
IGN (2021): The COVID-19 pandemic in Spain. First wave: from the first cases to the end of June 2020
Monographs from the National Atlas of Spain. New content
This chapter delves into the effects on economy of the COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent state of alarm enacted on 14 March 2020 to tackle it. The impact was unevenly distributed amongst the Spanish regions, which were affected to a greater or lesser extent depending on the degree to which their economic activities were deemed as being ‘essential’ for society. The analysis in this chapter focuses on four areas of economic activity: agricultural sector; mining, quarrying, energy, industry and construction; sales, services and trade; and tourism. For each of the areas, two critical aspects are considered, i.e. how society was affected and which effects the pandemic and the subsequent state of alarm had on productivity.